Why did the caterpillar cross the road (or here, the sidewalk)?
Probably to look for a twig in the wadi on which to spin its chrysalis.
It will emerge as a Swallowtail butterfly, a Papilio machaon syriacus.
The photo, taken in November, can be enlarged 2x. -- Recommended!
Butterflies in Israel -- the facts behind the stamps.
Linking to Camera Critters.
More butterfly posts: