Monday, November 9, 2015

One of the Austrian synagogues destroyed on Kristallnacht

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Tonight is the anniversary of Kristallnacht.
Israel Museum just posted this good summary on Facebook:

November 9 - 10 1938.
"Kristallnacht," the Night of Broken Glass.
The Nazis unleashed a wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms against Jews in Germany, Austria, and in occupied areas of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia.
30,00 Jewish men arrested.
7,500 Jewish-owned business had their windows smashed and their wares looted.
267 synagogues destroyed, countless Jewish cemeteries desecrated.
91 Jews murdered.
Zachor.  Remember.


This used to be a synagogue in Stadtschlaining in Burgenland, Austria.
It was devastated on Kristallnacht.


We discovered it yesterday, on Sunday, so the gates were locked.


"Synagogue, built in 1715
In commemoration of the ordeal of our Jewish fellow citizens --
 many of whom were murdered in 1938-1945
-- Israelitische Kultusgemeinschaft Graz  1988"


The former synagogue now houses an organization for peace work and conflict resolution.


Jews first lived in the village in 1697.
By 1857 there were 650.
By 1934 all but 19 had moved away.
In March 1938, with the Anschluss, these 19 were driven out of their hometown.


This is part of the history in German.
But you can read more in English:
A factual and brief history of the Jews of Stadtschlaining in the Austrian Archive of Synagogues.
or
A fascinating story of what one American woman found when researching her grandmother's life in this town.

(Linking to Our World Tuesday.)
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4 comments:

William Kendall said...

Thought provoking. When one needs to figure out how evil evil can be... the Nazis are the answer.

Hels said...

How amazing that this lovely synagogue was built as far back as 1715. Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria didn't give Jews equal rights until the mid 19th century!

Alice said...

Thank you Dina . I can not wrap my brain around how cruel people can be .

VP said...

Very sad memories...