Shomer Shabbat (a Jew who strictly observes the Sabbath and all the rest). The stockings would identify which section of the ultra-Orthodox hareidim he belongs to.
Sidelocks or peot in Hebrew. Streimel, the fur hat worn by certain Hareidim on Shabbat and festivals. Here we waited for a bus on Friday afternoon, before the start of Shabbat.
A shul or shtiebl, the Ohel Moshe Great Synagogue, founded in th 1880s with the financial help of Sir Moses Montefiore.
Another of the first synagogues to be built outside the Old City walls in the 19th century, this one for the Sephardic Jews.