Friday, September 17, 2010

Shepherd and sheep on Yom Kippur

Two of the stained glass windows of Renanim synagogue in Hechal Shlomo, Jerusalem.
In a few hours Israel enters into both the Sabbath and Yom Kippur.
Everything shuts down and it gets very quiet all over the country.
This Day of Atonement is a time of intense prayer, total fasting for 25 hours, soul-searching, and repentence for many Jews.
(For many secular Jews, it is a time to stroll down the empty highways and for the children to bike ride or skate in the car-free streets.)
As the beautiful Yom Kippur window shows, the Gates of Repentence are open.
Above Jerusalem is the traditional image of God's Book of Life, open, with quill ready.
The long liturgy of the evening and of the following day centers on our plea that he will inscribe us in the Book of Life and seal it for another year.
The Rosh Hashana window (please do enlarge it) quotes from the moving and powerful piyyut (liturgical poem) Unetaneh Tokef which is sung in every synagogue both on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.

כָל בָּאֵי עולָם יַעַבְרוּן לְפָנֶיךָ כִּבְנֵי מָרון. כְּבַקָּרַת רועֶה עֶדְרו. מַעֲבִיר צאנו תַּחַת שִׁבְטו .כֵּן תַּעֲבִיר וְתִסְפּר וְתִמְנֶה וְתִפְקד נֶפֶשׁ כָּל חָי. וְתַחְתּךְ קִצְבָה לְכָל בְּרִיּותֶיךָ. וְתִכְתּב אֶת גְּזַר דִּינָם:
בְּראשׁ הַשָּׁנָה יִכָּתֵבוּן וּבְיום צום כִּפּוּר יֵחָתֵמוּן כַּמָּה יַעַבְרוּן וְכַמָּה יִבָּרֵאוּן מִי יִחְיֶה וּמִי יָמוּת. מִי בְקִצּו וּמִי לא בְקִצּו מִי בַמַּיִם. וּמִי בָאֵשׁ מִי בַחֶרֶב. וּמִי בַחַיָּה מִי בָרָעָב. וּמִי בַצָּמָא מִי בָרַעַשׁ. וּמִי בַמַּגֵּפָה מִי בַחֲנִיקָה וּמִי בַסְּקִילָה מִי יָנוּחַ וּמִי יָנוּעַ מִי יִשָּׁקֵט וּמִי יִטָּרֵף מִי יִשָּׁלֵו. וּמִי יִתְיַסָּר מִי יֵעָנִי. וּמִי יֵעָשֵׁר מִי יִשָּׁפֵל. וּמִי יָרוּם וּתְשׁוּבָה וּתְפִלָּה וּצְדָקָה מַעֲבִירִין אֶת רעַ הַגְּזֵרָה
"All mankind will pass before You like members of the flock.
Like a shepherd pasturing his flock, making sheep pass under his staff, so shall You cause to pass, count, calculate, and consider the soul of all the living;
and You shall apportion the fixed needs of all Your creatures and inscribe their verdict. "

The piyyut is traditionally attributed to a medieval Rabbi Amnon of Mainz, who spoke the words while he was being martyred. More here.
You can read its translation in the ArtScroll Machzor.
Here is part of it:
"On Rosh Hashanah will be inscribed and on Yom Kippur will be sealed
how many will pass from the earth and how many will be created;
who will live and who will die;
who will die at his predestined time and who before his time;
who by water and who by fire,
who by sword, who by beast, who by famine, who by thirst,
who by storm, who by plague,
who by strangulation, and who by stoning.
Who will rest and who will wander,
who will live in harmony and who will be harried,
who will enjoy tranquility and who will suffer,
who will be impoverished and who will be enriched,
who will be degraded and who will be exalted.

[tshuvah, tfilah, tzedaka]
Remove the evil of the Decree!

Don't you love that idea that by our re-turning, praying, and doing acts of kindness we can change everything?!
Before shutting down the computer for its yearly day of rest, I leave you with the traditional blessings--Shabbat shalom (Sabbath peace), tsom kal (easy over the fast), and Gmar chatima tova (May you be have a good inscription)!
P.S. My little grandson made his own ram's horn for these Days of Awe!
Here is a short and sweet video of Dean blowing the shofar.


Turquoise Diaries said...

Such beautiful glass windows.. Real pieces of art.. Happy holidays Dina..

Reader Wil said...

Dear Dina, what a wonderful occasion is Yom Kippur. I saw in the bottom photo a Dutch windmill? Why is that? The windows are both very beautiful colours.Thank you for telling us about this feast! I wish you a very good Yom Kippur and Shabbat Shalom!

Cloudia said...

Thank you for this very real & true blessing from Jerusalem.

Shalom from Honolulu

Comfort Spiral

VP said...

I liked the video, you have to be very proud of such an enterprising grandson!

richies said...

What beautiful windows.

Happy Sabbath!

An Arkies Musings

Francisca said...

Yes, I certainly do love the idea that we can change our world by re-turning, praying, and doing acts of kindness. In fact, if we all did, the power would be ours and it would be a done deed. The stained glass is wonderful, but had to smile to see the Dutch windmill(?). All the very best to you, Dina.

Pietro said...

Really thrilling stained glass windows, Dina.
Are the synagogues (or the Great Synagogue in Jerusalem) always open for the prayer, day and night?

Cassie said...

Dina, Thank you for this post. Your explanation of the windows was wonderful. May your days be blessed. Shalom.

jeannette said...

Beautiful-beautiful stained glass windows! Thank you for sharing some of the liturgy - now I finally understand why some people talked about shepherds for this occasion, passing the shepherd's rod! Thanks for sharing your Yom Kippur blessings with us!

Dina said...

Shalom to all. We are after the fast now, and after a long day of prayer it feels like a new beginning.

Thanks for your wishes and comments.
To answer the questions:

Jerusalem has TWO windmills, built in the 19th century. Please see

Pietro, synagogues are open mostly just at prayer times. Tourists and visitors can go into the Great Synagogue or the one next-door in Hechal Shlomo during the opening hours.
Otherwise they are locked, for security reasons, I suppose.

Kay said...

Oh wow! Dean is definitely talented! That's a mighty big sound from that handsome boy. Shabbat shalom, Dina.

Sara said...

This was a wonderful post Dina. Thank you for sharing this. Those windows are amazing - I had not seen those before and I love the very meaningful and beautiful message they hold...and yes, what a very different place the world would be if everyone would re-turn, pray and do acts of repentance.

Sara said...

PS: ....and acts of kindness too!

Hilda said...

The two stained glass windows are magnificent, and I appreciate them even more because of your explanation of what's in them.

Thank you again for this interesting and educational post. An important day — difficult but oh so spiritually necessary.